托福听力电子讲义主讲：韩 欢迎使用新东方在线电子教材听力考试介绍： 对话(conversation)：具有校园生活特色（校园办公室与学生服务），每篇约 演讲(lectures)：来源于课堂授课，分教授讲授、学生提问或老师提问三种形式，每篇约5 分钟，每篇有6 形式：模块（Module）:1conversation 两个模块：听力总时间为60分钟，总题量34 道，听力材料共6 篇对话，4篇讲座。 三个模块：听力总时间为90分钟，总题量51 道，听力材料共9 篇对话，6篇讲座。 记笔记：文章要点信息，文章开头应记主题及目，接下来应记总论点分支、分支定义及特点，解释程序步骤注意记先后顺序，还应记录时间、地点发生事件，人物身 份及观点，形容词、副词比较级或最高级，因果关系，态度及倾向性词语。 备考方法——考前准备 高中：90-120词/分钟 原文：Excuseme, youmiss Cross? 四级：120-150词/分钟 原文：W:Just imagine! We have finishreading 300 pages before Monday! How can professorexpect us shorttime? whattroubles me can’tfind universitybookstore. 六级：150-180词/分钟 原文：M:Oh, sosorry bringalong bookyou borrowed from terriblememory you have! Anyway, won’tneed untilFriday night. canget 托福：180-220词/分钟 conversationbetween Uh,excuse me, Professor Thompson. knowyour office hours youhad fewminutes free now discusssomething. Sure,John. What did you want talkabout? havesome quick questions about how writeup researchproject semester—about climate variations. Oh,yes. You were looking GrantCity area, right? How far along have you gotten? I'vegot all my data, so now,preparing graphs surewhat else samething from every student. You know, you have remembernow whatyou've done. So, think about what you'd need youwere going explainyour research project casualknowledge about subject,like„ like your parents. usuallymy rule thumb:would my parents understand hopeyou can recognize mysaying howmuch you do know about shouldalso include notesfrom researchjournal you suggested Yes,definitely. You should use them indicatewhat your evolution throughtime. So, just set up, you know, what whatyou were doing—to try climatevariability area—andwhat you did, whatyour approach OK.So, studiedmeteorological records; climatecharts; useddifferent methods data,like certain statistical tests; whatyou mean? right.You should include all statisticaltests especiallyimportant. sureyou include goodreference section where all your published unpublisheddata came from, 'cause you have unpublishedclimate data. Hmm...something just came mymind wentout otherside. lot,so I've come up prettygood memory management tool. littlepad meall jotdown questions don'twant mydaughter herbaby son last week weknew we wouldn't remember everything we wanted doctor,so we actually made fivethings we wanted answers goodidea. Since sobusy now gettingpretty forgetful days.OK. justremembered what saybefore. hopingyou'd come up endsup havedata morethan just immediateGrant City area, so alsoincluded some regional data everythingelse prettygood indicator Soundsgood. lookover draftversion before you hand finalcopy, youwish. Great.I'll plan getyou nextFriday. Thanks very much. Well, see ya. strategystrategic oceanoceanic declaredeclaration dramadramatic allergicallergy getup check out runout allabout in-sideout put 与其不相同辅音，发后一个辅音，前一个做发音准备 blackboardbreakfast sitdown laptop mid-term fartherstart floor sportcourt perfect westernpattern ideareally quietsociety violinfamous 分钟30 分钟 12小时 1011 12 13 14 15 List 1617 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 List Makedo Comedown Don’ts八荣八耻 firstthing first 要事第一原则 4.听一句写一句，放音不可写,最多听5 studentsdiscussing? variousways majorrivers formatted world'slargest body wherevarious lakes located sameway studentsdiscussing havejust seen presentationabout mustpresent researchpaper gofirst inlandbody cutoff NorthAmerica carvingout 长段落：记概念，主要分支及其特点，重要时间、地点、数字，说话人态度，观点认可度。 previously,formerly, initially, now, presently, subsequently,next, finally, ultimately, immediately this/anothercase, occasion,take first(ly),second, third, last/ finally one,another also,too, further,furthermore like,likewise, both,similarly, sametime, otherhand, however,yet, nevertheless, instead, rather, whereas definitely,extremely, especially, obviously, absolutely, positively, surprisingly, emphatically because,since reason,hence, resulting, result,so, thus,therefore, consequently termmeans, we mean, we can state, we refer 10.总结： sumup, finally, therefore, alreadystated 最高级：best,most 多于：bigger,larger, greater, more than 高：superior 少于：less/smaller低：inferior 同等:means, otherwords, differentfrom 好：right/good,famous/well-known 错误、失误与坏：wrong/incorrect,something bad, notorious, negative 大约：about/around，orso， approximately 原因due because,because 结果consequently, therefore, thus 标点及其它:说话，观点: say, speak, think, believe 问题:question, issue, problem 在......之间:among, within 重要:important, best, outstanding, brilliant however,yet, fact,actually, while, nevertheless 上升、增加:ascend, climb, go up, mount up, move up, raise, rise, soar 下降、减少:descend, drop, fall, go comedown, decline 结论，导致:bring conduce,induce, lead, make So;See; Say; You know what; Guess what; Tell you what Might;Just; (Maybe) you should Whydon’t you You’dbetter; You betteroff doing sth. Haveyou tried„; What about wereyou, 4.百科全书（美国上世纪1900-1950年日常生活类重大发明） 前一阶段我们学习了托福听力备考方法，下面我们来讲一下考中要求，它有几个特点： 第一先按OK 键再按NEXT 第二是遇到LECTURE这样文章，文章中除了有表示文章题材词，还要注意屏幕上更 换图片。 第三是做笔记，切莫因记误听，要听为主，记为辅。 第四是快，不要在不确定题目上浪费时间。 第五是关注时间 到目前为止我们学习了听力考试形式与考试方法以及考中要求，下面我们通过两篇文章来具 体熟悉下听力考试题型。 Questions 1-6 Whydoes advisorwant commendhim hiswork habits oneclass discusswhat his history professor talkabout each student’sclass Whatproblems does studenthave? Click doingwell hisclasses. Hishistory teacher gives unfair assignments. classall Hedoes understandwhat beingtested. Listenagain question.What does advisormean when she says believewhat you just said.” “Whatyou just said “Yourresponse “Canyou please repeat what you just said?” Howdoes advisorseem feelabout student’sresponses? Shethinks he Sheseems believehis excuses Sheseems acceptwhat he says. Shethinks what he says advisorrecommend each Gettingup classSitting classroomSpeaking more classFinding out what examsTaking careful notes Whatcan concludedfrom goodreasons student’sgrades Historyclass toohard advisorexpects too much from studentshould really consider taking differentcourse. Listening Script: Question discussionbetween advisor.(advisor) Hi, Brad, thanks problem.What did you want seeme about? (advisor) Well, sawyour mid-semester grade report, (student)You mean my history class? (advisor) Yes, exactly„ You do understand yourhistory class, don’t you? What problem?You’re doing fairly well yourother classes, historyyou’re, frankly, doingvery well all.Your grades yourother classes show you’recapable doinggood work. What’s history?(student) Well, history’s so early morning.(advisor) nineo’clock; soearly. (student) seemsearly me.(advisor) So, set your alarm clock„This brings up way„youdo get up historyclass, don’t you? (student) Usually. (advisor) Usually? Since classyou’re doingwell youshould time.(student) I’ll try. (advisor) classnear professorso you can get involved class.(student) bigclass. You have front.(advisor) (smiles) Well, maybe you should try getting early„(student) I’ll try„ (advisor) everyclass„ (student) I’ll try too.(advisor) Now, youronly problem youmiss class sometimes lateother times? (student) exactly.(advisor) What else problem?(student) Well, didn’t,uh, didn’tdo too well exam.(advisor) yourproblem, do you think? (student) reallydid„But classtext book, werecovered leasthalf examweren’t from book.(advisor) Do you understand why? (student) must’vebeen questionsfrom lectures,stuff wasn’tcovered text.(advisor) yousure? (student) thinkso. (advisor) Well, maybe you should check findout (student)OK. (advisor) maybeyou should concentrate takinggood notes during lectures.(student) OK. (advisor) courseyou should classall takegood notes. (student) sure.(advisor) OK, so check back letme know how you’re handling (student)I’ll do BasicComprehension Detail听到什么就选什么 50% PragmaticUnderstanding Stance听到什么不选什么 25% 得分题 ConnectingInformation Relationships结构最重要 25% Questions1-6 Whydoes advisorwant commendhim hiswork habits oneclass discusswhat his history professor talkabout each student’sclass Whatproblems does studenthave? Click doingwell hisclasses. Hishistory teacher gives unfair assignments. classall Hedoes understandwhat beingtested. Listenagain question.What does advisormean when she says believewhat you just said.” “Whatyou just said “Yourresponse “Canyou please repeat what you just said?” Howdoes advisorseem feelabout student’sresponses? Shethinks he Sheseems believehis excuses Sheseems acceptwhat he says. Shethinks what he says advisorrecommend each Gettingup classSitting classroomSpeaking more classFinding out what examsTaking careful notes Whatcan concludedfrom goodreasons student’sgrades Historyclass toohard advisorexpects too much from studentshould really consider taking differentcourse.